TEHRAN, KOMPAS.com – The death of Mahsa Amini, 22, after being detained by the moral police sparked widespread protests and outrage.
Demonstrations have been going on for days across the country.
Women take off or burn their hijabs. There are also those who openly cut their hair in public.
Read also: Iranian demonstrations broke out in 15 cities after the death of Mahsa Amini, the woman detained by the police because of the hijab
Others threw stones or set police vehicles on fire.
They protested against the regulations governing the way women dress and how these strict rules were enforced.
Mahsa Amini was previously arrested by the police for wearing the hijab inappropriately.
Condition before 1979
In Iran, under regulations based on interpretations of Islamic law, women are now required to cover their hair with the hijab and wear loose-fitting clothes to cover their curves.
Mahsa Amini is suspected of not covering her hair perfectly with a hijab so that she was seen when she was arrested in the capital Tehran on September 13, 2022.
He fell into a coma after collapsing in custody and died three days later in hospital.
In fact, before the pro-Western Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was overthrown by the Islamic Revolution in 1979, the presence of women wearing miniskirts and not wearing a headscarf was common in the city of Tehran, although many Muslim women wore hijabs in Iran at the time.
Read also: Iran’s president vows to investigate Mahsa Amini’s death who was detained for hijab
The Shah’s wife, Farah, also often wears Western clothing and is seen as an example of modern women in Iran.
However, a few months after the founding of the Islamic Republic, laws protecting women’s rights began to be repealed.
“This doesn’t happen overnight, it’s a gradual process,” said Mehrangiz Kar, 78, a human rights lawyer and activist who took part in the first anti-hijab demonstration.
GETTY IMAGES via BBC INDONESIA Demands for women to be allowed not to wear the hijab continued in Iran for several days in March 1979. These women were protected by a number of men who formed a ‘human chain’ during the demonstrations.
“Right after the revolution there were men and women on the street giving out free veils wrapped in wrapping paper to the women,” she recalls.
The actions of Iranian officials in controlling the way Muslim women dress began after the leader of the revolution, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, issued a decree on March 7, 1979.
At that time, the Ayatollah decreed that all women must wear the hijab in the workplace.
As for women who do not wear a headscarf, she classifies them as “naked” women.
“The speech was interpreted by many revolutionaries as an order to force women to wear the hijab,” said Mehrangiz Kar who now lives in Washington DC, USA.
Read also: Protests against the death of Mahsa Amini are considered illegal, Iran does not hesitate to demand demonstrators
“A lot of people thought this would happen overnight, so women started to rebel.”
More than 100,000 people, mostly women, gathered in the city of Tehran the next day for a demonstration. The action coincided with International Women’s Day.
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